FIDE World Seniors

World Seniors 2019, Bucharest, November 11-24, Romania

Federatia Romana de Sah
World Chess Federation - FIDE

Further to the recent FIDE decision to increase prizes for the individual world championships for seniors by 30.000 Euro to a total of 46.000 Euro.

Blog

Bucharest – Romania

0 Comments 📁 Slider 🕔27.July 2019
Bucharest – Romania

History

Bucharest’s history alternated periods of development and decline from the early settlements in antiquity until its consolidation as the national capital of Romania late in the 19th century. First mentioned as the “Citadel of București” in 1459, it became the residence of the famous Wallachian prince Vlad III the Impaler.[19]:23

Early 18th century woodcut of Bucharest (1717)

Welcoming of the Prince Josias of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld in Bucharest (1789)

The Ottomans appointed Greek administrators (Phanariotes) to run the town from the 18th century. A short-lived revolt initiated by Tudor Vladimirescu in 1821 led to the end of the rule of Constantinople Greeks in Bucharest.[20]

The Old Princely Court (Curtea Veche) was erected by Mircea Ciobanul in the mid-16th century. Under subsequent rulers, Bucharest was established as the summer residence of the royal court. During the years to come, it competed with Târgoviște on the status of capital city after an increase in the importance of southern Munteniabrought about by the demands of the suzerain power – the Ottoman Empire.

Bucharest finally became the permanent location of the Wallachian court after 1698 (starting with the reign of Constantin Brâncoveanu).

Partly destroyed by natural disasters and rebuilt several times during the following 200 years, and hit by Caragea’s plague in 1813–14, the city was wrested from Ottoman control and occupied at several intervals by the Habsburg Monarchy (1716, 1737, 1789) and Imperial Russia (three times between 1768 and 1806). It was placed under Russian administration between 1828 and the Crimean War, with an interlude during the Bucharest-centred 1848 Wallachian revolution. Later, an Austrian garrison took possession after the Russian departure (remaining in the city until March 1857). On 23 March 1847, a fire consumed about 2,000 buildings, destroying a third of the city.

In 1862, after Wallachia and Moldavia were united to form the Principality of Romania, Bucharest became the new nation’s capital city. In 1881, it became the political centre of the newly proclaimed Kingdom of Romania under King Carol I. During the second half of the 19th century, the city’s population increased dramatically, and a new period of urban development began. During this period, gas lightinghorse-drawn trams, and limited electrification were introduced.[21] The Dâmbovița River was also massively channelled in 1883, thus putting a stop to previously endemic floods like the 1865 flooding of Bucharest.[22] The Fortifications of Bucharest were built. The extravagant architecture and cosmopolitan high culture of this period won Bucharest the nickname of “Little Paris” (Micul Paris) of the east, with Calea Victoriei as its Champs-Élysées.

Bucharest in 1868

Between 6 December 1916 and November 1918, the city was occupied by German forces as a result of the Battle of Bucharest, with the official capital temporarily moved to Iași (also called Jassy), in the Moldavia region. After World War I, Bucharest became the capital of Greater Romania. In the interwar years, Bucharest’s urban development continued, with the city gaining an average of 30,000 new residents each year. Also, some of the city’s main landmarks were built in this period, including Arcul de Triumf and Palatul Telefoanelor.[23] However, the Great Depression took its toll on Bucharest’s citizens, culminating in the Grivița Strike of 1933.[24]

In January 1941, the city was the scene of the Legionnaires’ rebellion and Bucharest pogrom. As the capital of an Axiscountry and a major transit point for Axis troops en route to the Eastern Front, Bucharest suffered heavy damage during World War II due to Allied bombings. On 23 August 1944, Bucharest was the site of the royal coup which brought Romania into the Allied camp. The city suffered a short period of Nazi Luftwaffe bombings, as well as a failed attempt by German troops to regain the city.

I.C. Brătianu Boulevard in the 1930s

After the establishment of communism in Romania, the city continued growing. New districts were constructed, most of them dominated by tower blocks. During Nicolae Ceaușescu‘s leadership (1965–89), much of the historic part of the city was demolished and replaced by “Socialist realism” style development: (1) the Centrul Civic (the Civic Centre) and (2) the Palace of the Parliament, for which an entire historic quarter was razed to make way for Ceaușescu’s megalomaniac plans. On 4 March 1977, an earthquake centered in Vrancea, about 135 km (83.89 mi) away, claimed 1,500 lives and caused further damage to the historic centre.

Aerial view of Bucharest at the round of the 1960s

The Romanian Revolution of 1989 began with massive anti-Ceaușescu protests in Timișoara in December 1989 and continued in Bucharest, leading to the overthrow of the Communist regime. Dissatisfied with the postrevolutionary leadership of the National Salvation Front, some student leagues and opposition groups organized anti-Communist rallies in early 1990, which caused the political change.

Since 2000, the city has been continuously modernized and is still undergoing urban renewal. Residential and commercial developments are underway, particularly in the northern districts; Bucharest’s old historic centre is being restored.

 

Tourism

Bucharest

 

Bucharest is the capital of Romania, the most populated city and the most important economic center of the country.

In 1862, since it became the capital of Romania, it has suffered continuous changes, becoming the main Romanian artistic, cultural and mass media center. In the beginning of XX century, the city’s elegant architecture and the sophistication of its elites earned Bucharest the nickname of “Little Paris”.

 

Remarkable buildings which remind us of the “Little Paris” era include:

The Romanian Athenaeum

which is a concert hall in the center of Bucharest, and a landmark of the Romanian Capital City. Opened in 1888, the ornate, domed, Circular building is the city’s main concert hall and home of the “George Enescu” Philharmonic and of the George Enescu annual major international music festival.

 

The Royal Palace

is a monumental building situated on Calea Victoriei street. The Palace in its various incarnations served as official residence for the Kings of Romania until 1947, when the communist regime was installed. Since 1950 the Palace hosts the National Museum of Art of Romania.

 

The National Museum “George Enescu”

one of the most beautiful buildings in Bucharest, named Cantacuzino Palace. It is a historical monument and one of the European Heritage Labeled buildings. The sumptuous entrance, in Art Nouveau style, announces the luxury and refinement of the époque, reunited in one of the most imposing palaces in Bucharest.

 

The Palace of Parliament

the second largest building in the world, built by the former communist president Ceausescu, now the seat of the Parliament, The National Museum of Contemporary Art, art galleries.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Vacaresti Nature Park

unique piece of nature inside Bucharest is declared a protected zone and contains the wetlands surrounding Lake Vacaresti and a rich diversity of flora and fauna, including foxes, turtles and 92 bird species. This National Park is located nearby the playing venue.

 

Snagov Monastery

the monastery that houses the tomb of Vlad Tepes, also known as Dracula, is located on an island of the Snagov Lake, near Bucharest.

It is an ancient monastic establishment, a historical monument, an architectural jewel of feudal art, and is an important tourist attraction.

 

Mogosoaia Palace

situated about 10 km from Bucharest, was built between 1698-1702 by the ruler Constantin Brancoveanu in what is called the Romanian Renaissance style or Brancovenesc style.

Other remarkable buildings of Bucharest include the city’s monasteries, such as Stavropoleos, Serban Voda and Antim located in the heart of the city, being included on the list of historical monuments of Romania.

 

 

sourse: wikipedia

Share this article with friends

Similar Articles

No Comments

Sorry, No Comments, Yet !

There are no comments for this article at this moent, but you can be first one to leave a comment.

Write a Comment

<

FIDE World Seniors