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Palace of the Parliament

📁 Slider 🕔30.July 2019
Palace of the Parliament
Palace of the Parliament
Palatul Parlamentului
Palace Of Parliament Bucharest.jpg

The Palace of the Parliament in April 2018, Bucharest, Romania

Palace of the Parliament is located in Romania

Palace of the Parliament
Location within Romania
Former names “House of the Republic”
Alternative names “The People’s House”
General information
Architectural style Totalitarianneoclassical
Address Calea 13 Septembrie 1, Sector 5
Town or city Bucharest
Country Romania
Coordinates 44°25′39″N 26°5′15″ECoordinates44°25′39″N 26°5′15″E
Groundbreaking 25 June 1984
Completed 1997
Cost €3 billion euros
Architectural 84 m (276 ft)
Technical details
Size 240 m (790 ft) long, 270 m (890 ft) wide
Floor count 12
Floor area 365,000 m2(3,930,000 sq ft)
Grounds 66,000 m2
Design and construction
Architect 700 architects under the direction of chief architect Anca Petrescu (1949-2013)
  • World’s largest civilian building with an administrative function
  • World’s most expensive administrative building
  • World’s heaviest building
Other information
Number of rooms 1,100

The Palace of the Parliament (RomanianPalatul Parlamentului) is the seat of the Parliament of Romania. Located on Dealul Arsenalului in the national capital city of central Bucharest (Sector 5), it is the second largest administrative building in the world.[1] The Palace has a height of 84 metres (276 ft), a floor area of 365,000 square metres (3,930,000 sq ft) and a volume of 2,550,000 cubic metres (90,000,000 cu ft). The Palace of the Parliament is the heaviest building in the world, weighing about 4,098,500,000 kilograms (9.0356×109 lb).[2]

A colossal building, designed and supervised by chief architect Anca Petrescu (1949–2013), with a team of approximately 700 architects, and constructed over a period of 13 years (1984–97), it was built as a monument for a totalitarian kitschstyle of architecture, in Totalitarian and modernist Neoclassical architectural forms and styles,[3] with socialist realism in mind.[4] The Palace was ordered by Nicolae Ceaușescu (1918–1989), the dictator of Communist Romania and the second of two longtime autocrats in power in the country since World War II,[5] during a period in which the personality cult of political worship and adoration was in full force for him and his family.[6] Known for its ornate interior composed of 23 sections, it houses the two houses of the Parliament of Romania: the Senate (Senat) and the Chamber of Deputies(Camera Deputatilor), along with three museums and an international conference center. The several museums hosted inside the Palace are the National Museum of Contemporary Art, the Museum of Communist Totalitarianism (established in 2015)[7] and the Museum of the Palace. Though originally named the House of the Republic when under its long period of construction (RomanianCasa Republicii), after the Romanian Revolution in December 1989 it became widely known as The People’s House (RomanianCasa Poporului). Due to its impressive endowments, events organized by state institutions and international bodies such as conferences, symposia, and others take place there, but even so about 70% of the building almost four decades later still remains empty.[8][9]

In 1990, Australian business and media magnate Rupert Murdoch wanted to buy the building for US $1 billion, but his bid was rejected.[10] As of 2008, the Palace of the Parliament is valued at €3 billion euros ($3.4 billion), making it also the most expensive administrative building in the world.[11] The cost of heating and electric use and lighting alone exceeds $6 million per year, as much as the total cost for powering a medium-sized city.


sourse: wikipedia

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